Any person may request to see restricted material. In all cases where a concrete assessment establishes that the relevant material does not contain confidential information after all, it will be made accessible to the user.
The fact that information is confidential does not necessarily rule out all use of such data. Essentially, the following two exceptions apply:
With few exceptions, any person is entitled to access information about themselves, cf. the Norwegian Public Administration Act, 13a No. 1; 13b No. 1 and 18 ff. A person in need of seeing confidential information to be able to protect his or her own interests in an administrative case is also, under certain conditions, allowed to—or even entitled to—see confidential information on other people.
This right to inspect documents may be exercised by proxy, e.g. through a lawyer.
Under certain conditions, confidential information may be used for research purposes, cf. the Norwegian Public Administration Act, Section 13 d. Contrary to a party to a case, who has the right to inspect, a researcher is never entitled to access data for research purposes.
Several factors must be considered when deciding on a petition for access to confidential information for research purposes.