How big impact the occupation had on people’s everyday lives depended on where they lived and their situation. Very many, and especially those who lived in urban areas, were struck by the extensive lack of goods. There was a shortage of food, clothes and equipment, and meeting the most basic needs in the household demanded great efforts in the form of hard work, time and creativity. Often the housewives contributed the most.

Many people experienced a basic feeling of insecurity – controls from the authorities and the presence of an occupation force were a daily burden. The bomb threat was real in many areas, and shelters and black-out curtains became a part of everyday life. In addition, there were a number of regulations and commands that limited people’s freedom of action and movement.

Food line in Oslo

Photo from PA-1209 NTBs krigsarkiv, Ue, L101, Lines (the photo shows a food line at the crack of dawn on a rainy morning outside an outlet in Oslo).