From municpality to parish - again

The 1865 Census was arranged according to the parish borders both in the cities and rural districts, but Teleslekt and RHD (Registreringsenheten for Historiske Data) both tried to transcribe the census lists according to municipality borders. The parish borders were reintroduced in the digitised 1865 census-lists in 1999 in the Digital Archives, but not for the lists from RHD. In this version 2, all of the material is sorted according to the original parish borders.  13 municipality files are merged with other parish files, while two cities are split into 5 parish files. The number of files are therefore reduced from 443 to 433. 

There are two exceptions:

  • The census forms for cities and rural districts are not similar. This means that parishes including both a city as well as a rural district, must be split into separate files. Moss parish, for instance, is split into Moss city and Moss rural district (Jeløya).
  • The census lists for the four largest cities in Norway, Kristiania, Bergen, Trondheim and Stavanger are originally split into 5, 4, 3 and 2 parishes. However, in this case we find it more advantageous to keep one file for each city. Still, Årstad and the two rural districts for Bergen city are kept in separate files. Furthermore, Carljohansværns Garnisonsmenighet and one of the city parishes of Borre parish are merged toghether to form the city file for Horten, while Drammen is split into the parishes Bragernes and Strømsø.

Standard structure for all data

The General Office of the National Archives has been responsible for improving the quality of the census material. The data is converted to a standardized form and structure. But the content is not altered.

In version 2 of the 1865 census, these changes have been made:

  • an estimated year of birth, derived from the given year of age in the census, has been added.
  • an abbreviated version of the patronym has been removed. Patronyms abbreviated to e.g. Pauls. and Jensd. during transcription, are now written out, e.g. Paulsen and Jensdatter.
  • an assumed last name of children and wife has been added. Children listed without a surname are given the father's name or the family name, followed by an asterisk*. Similarily, married women are given the husband's family name marked by an asterisk, if listed solely with her maiden name (”fød Meyer” etc.).

These changes will make it easier to retrieve information of these people in the new Digital Archives. The estimated years of birth are supposed to be followed by an asterisk as well, but this has not been added yet. 

Transcription errors corrected

The General Office's work to improve the quality of the archives included frequency controls as well.They ran frequency lists of all the values of in the digitised census and checked any irregularities. By checking these against the original census material, thousands of transcription errors were detected and corrected:

  • mistyped names of people, farms and birth place
  • incorrect gender
  • incorrect use of the transcription symbols (!!, ?? ,@, %, *)

The control also revealed a large number of duplicates and omissions. These are now corrected as well. 

Further correction plans

The 1865 census files registered by RHD and the Regional State Archives in Bergen, have not been corrected. This is currently (May 2012) being done. When the corrections have been completed a third version of the 1865 census will be published. 

Before the launch of version 3, all the messages from our users concerning mistyping in the 1865 census, will be checked and corrected. 

Permanent IDs and URLs

With version 2 of the 1865 census, all IDs of people, residences etc, are permanent. For instance, the ID pf01038011000809 will forever point to the person record for Fridtjof Nansen in the 1865 Census. Furthermore, the URL http://digitalarkivet.arkivverket.no/ft/person/pf01038011000809  will in the foreseeable future direct you to a page in the Digital Archives where the census information on Nansen and his family is displayed.